|Title||Landscape evolution experiments - hillslope process control on drainage density|
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|Publication Date||Aug 16, 2016 9:36:08 AM|
These data are the raw and processed digital elevation models for the sandbox experiments detailed in "Experimental evidence for hillslope control of landscape scale" by K.E. Sweeney, J.J. Roering, and C. Ellis, which was published in Science in July of 2015. Landscape evolution theory suggests that climate sets the scale of landscape dissection by modulating the competition between diffusive processes that sculpt convex hillslopes and advective processes that carve concave valleys. However, the link between the relative dominance of hillslope and valley transport processes and landscape scale is difficult to demonstrate in natural landscapes due to the episodic nature of erosion. Here we report results from laboratory experiments combining diffusive and advective processes in an eroding landscape. We demonstrate that rainsplash-driven disturbances in our experiments are a robust proxy for hillslope transport, such that increasing hillslope transport efficiency decreases drainage density. Our experimental results demonstrate how the coupling of climate-driven hillslope- and valley-forming processes, such as bioturbation and runoff, dictates the scale of eroding landscapes.
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